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Video on how to approach junctions

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Mirrors, signal, manoeuvre.

Look out for signs and markings that may warn you that you're approaching a T-junction.

Remember to use the MSM routine (mirror, signal, manoeuvre) on approach to the junction.

There are open junctions where you can see clearly on approach if it's clear and closed junctions which have obstructions such as buildings or parked vehicles blocking your view. You can emerge out of an open junction in 2nd gear if it's definitely clear and safe but 1st gear if it's a closed junction as you'll have to stop or nearly stop to observe properly.

Look out for markings at the end of the road. There will either be a solid white stop line or a double-dashed give way line. You must always stop at a stop line if there is one, even if you think it's clear.

Emerging left at a T-junction.

1. Check mirrors (especially looking out for cyclists and pedestrians).

2. Signal.

3. Position to the left to allow vehicles to possibly turn right next to you.

4. Slow down. If it's an open junction with a clear view then depending on your speed you might be able to emerge in 2nd gear but be prepared to stop. If your view is restricted then stop to observe or nearly stop and select 1st gear.

Don't press the clutch too early as this would be called coasting. Coasting makes the car free-wheel and it could increase speed.

5. Observe properly, go when it's safe and keep left.

Emerging right at a T-junction.

1. Check mirrors (looking out for anyone overtaking, especially motorcycles).

2. Signal right.

3. Position to the right just left of the centre lines (if you're on a one-way street move to the far right).

4. Slow down and be prepared to stop but also ready to go.

Again, be careful not to coast.

Look out for pedestrians that might be crossing the road in front of you.

5. Observe both ways.

Be careful, turning right is more dangerous than turning left as you're crossing the road to the other side. Make sure it's clear both ways before you move out. If you see another vehicle signalling to turn into your road, wait to make sure they're definitely turning. Other road users don't always signal correctly.

6. Take the first safe chance to proceed, steering once you've reached the centre of the road without cutting across the wrong side (unless parked cars force you to).

7. Check mirrors again and drive on.

NEVER, force another road user to stop, swerve or slow down for you, unless they allow you to do so.

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