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Mirrors, signal, manoeuvre.

Look out for signs and markings that may warn you that you're approaching a T-junction.

Remember to use your MSM routine (mirror, signal, manoeuvre) on approach to the junction.

There are two types of t-junctions, open (you can see clearly on approach who is on the main road and you might not have to stop) and closed junctions (normally found in towns where there are buildings or obstructions at the end of the road blocking your view, meaning that you will have to stop).

Look out for markings at the end of the road. There will either be a solid white stop line or a double-dashed give way line.

Emerging left at a T-junction.

1. Check mirrors (especially looking out for cyclists and pedestrians).

2. Position to the left to allow vehicles to possibly turn right next to you.

3. Signal.

4. Slow down. If it's an open junction with a clear view then you might not have to stop. If your view is restricted then be prepared to stop but don't press the clutch too early as this would be called coasting. Coasting could cause the car to speed up and free-wheel.

5. Observe properly, go when it's safe and keep left.

Emerging right at a T-junction.

1. Check mirrors (looking out for anyone overtaking, especially motorcycles).

2. Signal right.

3. Position right just left of the centre lines (if you're in a one-way street move to the far right).

4. Slow down and stop. Again, be careful not to coast. Look out for pedestrians that might crossing the road in front of you.

5. Observe both ways. Be careful, turning right is more dangerous than turning left as you are crossing the road to the other side. Make sure that it's clear both way's before you move out. If you see another vehicle signalling to turn into your road, wait to make sure that they definitely are turning and don't trust other road users signals as they dont always signal as they should.

6. Take the first safe chance to proceed, steering once you have reached the centre of the road without cutting across the wrong side (unless parked cars force you to).

7. Check mirrors again and drive on.

NEVER, force another road user to stop, swerve or slow down for you, unless they allow you to do so.

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